Author Topic: Difference between URL and Domain name  (Read 122 times)

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Offline Transformer10

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Difference between URL and Domain name
« on: October 25, 2008, 08:16:36 AM »
The following example illustrates the difference between a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) and a domain name:

   URL: http://www.example.net/index.html
    Domain name: www.example.net
    Registered domain name: example.net


As a general rule, the IP address and the server name are interchangeable. For most Internet services, the server will not have any way to know which was used. However, the explosion of interest in the Web means that there are far more Web sites than servers. To accommodate this, the hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) specifies that the client tells the server which name is being used. This way, one server with one IP address can provide different sites for different domain names. This feature goes under the name virtual hosting and is commonly used by Web hosts.

For example, as referenced in RFC 2606 (Reserved Top Level DNS Names), the server at IP address 208.77.188.166 handles all of the following sites:

   example.com
    www.example.com
    example.net
    www.example.net
    example.org
    www.example.org


When a request is made, the data corresponding to the hostname requested is provided to the user.

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Difference between URL and Domain name
« on: October 25, 2008, 08:16:36 AM »

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